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1193065408 - responsibility for the war C THE CRISIS AND...

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INTERWAR EUROPE: FROM PEACE TO DEPRESSION A. INTRODUCTION -changes regarding class, gender and language -diplomatic foibles, economic crisis and political radicalism B. “MAKING PEACE” -Paris, January 1919: American President Woodrow Wilson issued “Fourteen Points” (including “right to self-determination”) and advocated the creation of the League of Nations -Treaty of Versailles, signed June 28 th , 1919 by the “Big Three”: Wilson, British Prime Minister Lloyd George and the French Premier Georges Clemenceau (Germany, A-H and Russia were excluded) -1920 Treaty of Trianon (Hungarian losses) -Treaty of Versailles provisions regarding territory (Alsace and Lorraine; the Rhineland; the Saar Basin; Schleswig; Upper Silesia; and Danzig) the German military, reparations payments and
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Unformatted text preview: responsibility for the war C. THE CRISIS AND COLLAPSE OF THE WORLD ECONOMY-October 1929: United States stock market collapsed; May 1931: Kreditanstalt collapsed -John Maynard Keynes, “deficit spending” -Ruhr Valley -1924: Dawes Plan -1929: Young Plan D. SOVIET MASS MOBILIZATION AND ALTERNATIVES TO CAPITALISM AND DEPRESSION I. “First Five-Year Plan” (1928-1932) II. Industrialization-Joseph Stalin (“ stal’ ” = “steel”) -Nizhny Novgorod; Ural Mountains; Magnitogorsk (“Magnetic Mountain”) -Ernst May; John Scott III. Collectivization -collectivization = nationalization of land -cooperative farms ( kolkhozy ) or state farms ( sovkhozy )...
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