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1190826455 - -1851 Louis Napoleon declared emperor Napoleon...

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NATIONALISM AND THE RISE OF THE NATION-STATE A. INTRODUCTION B. THE LEGACY OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION - patrie : “fatherland” -“republican virtue” C. EARLY IDEAS ABOUT THE NATION -German historian Heinrich von Treitschke -German, philosopher Johann Gottfried von Herder (1744-1803) and his Reflections on the Philosophy of History of Mankind ; idea of Völker ( volk = collective, folk) -West (state before nation) vs. East (nation before state) - Kulturnation : national culture -Hungarian/Magyar D. THEORIES AND MODELS OF NATIONALISM -Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities (1983) -Eric Hobsbawm; primary education systems, public ceremonies and built monuments; social (community) practices E. NATIONALISM IN EUROPE TO 1871 -1842: Daniel O’Connell and Young Ireland -Croatian linguist Ljudevit Gaj and South Slav language I. France -1848: “bourgeois monarchy” of Louis Philippe displaced by Alphonse de Lamartine
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Unformatted text preview: -1851: Louis Napoleon declared emperor Napoleon III II. The Habsburg Empire-sources of unity: Roman Catholic Church, army and bureaucracy (German language), Imperial idea and commoners looked to the emperor as a patriarch, Vienna to protect them -Habsburg emperor Ferdinand I (1835-1848); then Franz Joseph (1848-1916) III. Aftermath of 1848 F. THE RISE OF THE NATION-STATE: THE GERMAN CASE-Treaty of Tilsit (1807) -Prussian king Frederick Wilhelm III -Landwehr = national guard -Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882); Italy was proclaimed a kingdom in 1861, and gained more territory in 1866 and 1871 as a result of the German Wars of Unification -Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) -Schleswig-Holstein Crisis (1863-1864) -Austro-Prussian War of 1866 -Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 2 G. CONCLUSION-1867: Ausgleich (“Compromise”) created the Dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy...
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