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Unformatted text preview: -1851: Louis Napoleon declared emperor Napoleon III II. The Habsburg Empire-sources of unity: Roman Catholic Church, army and bureaucracy (German language), Imperial idea and commoners looked to the emperor as a patriarch, Vienna to protect them -Habsburg emperor Ferdinand I (1835-1848); then Franz Joseph (1848-1916) III. Aftermath of 1848 F. THE RISE OF THE NATION-STATE: THE GERMAN CASE-Treaty of Tilsit (1807) -Prussian king Frederick Wilhelm III -Landwehr = national guard -Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882); Italy was proclaimed a kingdom in 1861, and gained more territory in 1866 and 1871 as a result of the German Wars of Unification -Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) -Schleswig-Holstein Crisis (1863-1864) -Austro-Prussian War of 1866 -Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 2 G. CONCLUSION-1867: Ausgleich (Compromise) created the Dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy...
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- Spring '08
- French Revolution