1190826276 - THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION A INTRODUCTION-1517...

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THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION A. INTRODUCTION -1517, Martin Luther -Europe/Christendom B. SPIRITUAL ANXIETY AND SIMMERING DISCONTENT WITH THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH I. Popular Piety -“modern devotion” ( devotion moderna ) -shrines, miracles, sale of prayer books in vernacular languages -lay membership in “third orders” (special branches of the Franciscans or Dominicans) and confraternities (e.g. the German Brotherhood of the Eleven Thousand Virgins) -“ordinary” woman as key saints (e.g. Catherine of Siena); mysticism -mystics: advocated that individuals banish all thought from their minds and seek to attain a state of pure passivity II. Anti-clericalism -doctrinal reform advocates: John Wycliffe (and the Lollards) and Jan Hus (and the Hussites; Utraquist Church) -anti-clericalism: hostility to the clergy III. Christian Humanism -Christian humanists: Dutch scholar Desiderius Erasmus and The Praise of Folly (1509); and the English lawyer Sir Thomas More and Utopia (1516) C. MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
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1190826276 - THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION A INTRODUCTION-1517...

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