Unformatted text preview: s to find out if the children could write numerals when explicitly asked
to do so in the absence of objects.
The following six types of notations were found (see Figure 2.2):
1. Global representation of quantity. An example of this type is “////” for
3 balls and “/////” for 2 balls. Children also invented other symbols such Theoretical Foundation 22 Figure 2.2. Examples of notation types. Source: Sinclair, A., Siegrist, F., & Sinclair, H. (1983). Young children's ideas about
the written number system. In D. Rogers & J. A. Sloboda (Eds.), The acquisition of
symbolic skills (pp. 535542). New York: Plenum. Used by permission. as hooks. These children can be said to be representing the vague quan
titative idea of “many,” “a bunch,” or “more than one.”
2. Representation of the objectkind. These notations show a focus on the
qualitative rather than the quantitative aspect of each set. The examples
in Figure 2.2 show a “B” for 3 balls and 2 balls, and the drawing of a
house for 5 houses.
3. Onetoone correspondence with symbols (“symbols” in the P...
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 Spring '14

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