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2 butterflies, 3 budgerigars, 4 squirrels, 5 pandas, 6 rabbits, 7 frogs, 8 fish,
9 birds, and 10 cats. The question is: How many animals does the author love?
Figures 2.4-2.7 show the various ways in which the children made graphic rep
resentations to do l + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10.
These first graders were slightly older than the oldest children interviewed
by Sinclair et al. (1983), but the levels they manifested were very similar. Fig
ures 2.4 and 2.5 have elements of Sinclair et al.’s Types 2 and 3. Precise one-toone correspondence can be seen in these drawings, but the qualitative charac
teristics of the animals were also very important to these children.
The difference between Figures 2.4 and 2.5 is that the latter is much bet
ter organized in rows going from "1” to “10.” We can see here another disad
vantage of worksheets and workbooks. When children fill out worksheets, they
do not have to organize their thoughts on paper. When they are given a blank
sheet of paper...
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- Spring '14
- Writing, Numeral system, Table of mathematical symbols, theoretical foundation