Unformatted text preview: ing else in the classroom to solve word problems. Figure 2.3. Two first graders' ways of finding out how many cookies each
child would get if three children divided 18 cookies. Source: Olivier, Murray, & Human (1991, p. 17). 26 Theoretical Foundation The teachers reported that, most of the time, children prefer to draw rather
than to use the counters that were equally accessible. The only exception, they
said, was at the beginning of the school year, when the students were unfamil
iar with word problems. The other observation the teachers made was that many
children prefer to use their lingers. When the numbers got bigger than 10, how
ever, these students switched to tally marks.
Figures 2.42.7 are examples of first graders’ graphic representations made
to answer the question in One Gorilla (Morozumi, 1990). This book begins with
the picture of a gorilla accompanied by the words “Here is a list of things I love.
One gorilla.” Each time we turn a page, there is one more animal than...
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 Spring '14
 Writing, Numeral system, Table of mathematical symbols, theoretical foundation

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