Representation Reading ECI 314 Early Childhoodhood Mathematics

# The use of counters playing cards and base 10 blocks

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Unformatted text preview: to think about them as symbols (see Figure 2.1). Like every other symbol and sign, counters can be used at a high or low level of abstraction. Play­ ing cards can be manipulated, too, but they involve symbols (such as 3 hearts) and signs (such as the numeral “3”). Base-10 blocks are believed to represent “ones,” “tens,” and so on, but this belief is based on the erroneous assumption that objects can represent ones, tens, and so on. The use of counters, playing cards, and base-10 blocks will now be discussed. Counters versus Fingers and Children’s Own Drawings First graders can be given counters to solve the following problem: I have 4 little candles but need 7 for a birthday cake. How many more candles do I need to get? Many children put out 4 counters, then 7, count some or all of them, and give the answer of 7 or 11. These are examples of the use of counters as symbols at a low level of ab­ straction. If children can make a part-whole relationship in their minds, through constructive abstraction, they answer “Three.” If they...
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## This document was uploaded on 03/13/2014.

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