Unformatted text preview: + 1 2 cos 0 1 2 cos  2 1 cos 0 = 2 1 cos + 1 2 cos 0 0 = 0 = Reflectivity and transmitivity:  In nonmagnetic materials, tan  tan + 0 2 1 Brewster's angle No reflection, and tan = Conservation of energy: cos + = 1 cos EM Waves in Conductors
Maxwell's equations in metal = 0 = 0 =  EM waves in conductors 2 2 = + 2 , = 0  = + 2 = + 2 = 1 + 2 1 = 2 2 1+ 2 1 2 +1
1 2 2 = 1+ 2 1 , = 0  2 Wavelength and phase velocity: = Skin Depth: 1  2 , phase = 1 1 1 2 = 1 = 2 = Good conductor = 1 + = 21 4 2 2 1 = Skin Depth: 0 2 = 2 1 20 Page 4 of 10 = Magnetic field: Lags electric field by /4 0 0 Energy densities: 1 = 2 2 = 0  = = Reflectivity of a good conductor Assuming 1 = 1 2 0 2 2 = 1 0 2 2 = 0 1  2  = = 0 1 + 2 + 2  1 2 + 2 2 = = 2 + 1 2 + 2 2 1  Classical model of dispersion: Electron moving in an electric field: 41 80 2 2 =1 2 1 + 2 Where is the position of the electron = 0  2 =    0  2 =  0   2  Dispersion in a dielectric Dipole moment: =  = 2 =  2  Index of refraction: = 1 + 2 2 20 0
2 2 0 0  2 2 0  2 2 + 2 Inverse absorption length: 1 = 22 = 2 0 2 2 0  2 2 + 2 0 = Transmission lines:
Impedance Characteristic Impedance: 0 = If , , then 0 = Input impedance: in = At = 0, At = , + + + 0 tanh = 0 tanh + 0
0 in = 0 tanh Page 5 of 10 in = 0 tanh 0 in in 0 = Load impedance Current and voltage: = 1 +    , = + ( + ) = + 0 = +  +  1 1 +  =  =   , + 0 = + ( + ) = + + rightmoving wave = +    leftmoving wave Phase velocity:  = Voltage reflection coefficient of load: = Coaxial cable: By Gauss's law, = , = 20 charge per unit length = 1 = =   0 = + + 0
1  =
2 2 ln 20 1 20 = ln 2 1 0 0 2 = = , = = ln 2 2 1 EM Waves between parallel conducting planes (TE Mode)
Fields and boundary conditions Fields: , =  , =  = + By AmpereMaxwell law, = 2 2 =  2  2 2  2 2  = 1 sin + 2 cos , 2 = Boundary conditions = 0 sin Dispersion relation: 0 = = 0 2 = 2 + 2 2 EM Field solutions:  0 0 , = sin + cos , = 0 sin ph = = 2  Propagation characteristics 2  cutoff = Page 6 of 10 Surface currents: Energy transport , = 2 0 sin2 0 2 2 = = 1  0 0 = =  sin  at = 0, 0 0 0 =  = 1 sin  at = , 0 0 cos2  + sin cos sin  cos  gr = = 2 2 (, ) =
0 2 0 sin2 20 Power per unit length in the direction: = avg =
0 2 0 1 40 2 The Rectangular Waveguide
Geometry Interior is vacuum, exterior is conductor Wave propagates in the z direction Boundary conditions: = = 0 at = 0, , 0 and { = 0, , 0 } Start with , = , + ,  Let =  , = Then 2 2 =  2 , 2 = 2  2 Letting...
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 Winter '09
 AXEN
 Magnetism, Energy, Cos, Fundamental physics concepts, sin cos sin

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