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Unformatted text preview: values and institutions to be irrational; e.g. institutions involving religion Enlightenment thinkers wanted to overcome these irrational values and institutions They were oriented towards social change- work of Marx 2. The Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment Conservative thinkers- emphasized the importance of what enlightenment thinkers saw as irrational; things such as tradition, emotion, religion French Revolution & Industrial Revolution- these revolutions disrupted society Didn't want them to disrupt society- the thinkers were oriented towards social order 3. Impact of the Enlightenment and the Conservative Reaction to Sociology The enlightenment some forms of sociology developed a focus on being rational, scientific, oriented and empirical towards social change The conservative reaction to the enlightenment- some forms of sociology developed a focus on being oriented towards social order; apparent in the development in French Sociology French Sociology a) The Ideas of Claude Henri Saint-Simon Conservative theory wanted to preserve Simon Radical theory saw the need for some changes to society The study of social phenomenon should imply scientific techniques that were used in the natural sciences...
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- Winter '13