Introduction to Sociological Theory - Lecture 10

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Unformatted text preview: within formal systems of rules 4. Bureaucracies rely on written documents 5. Separation of the person from the office (Bureaucracies require separation of the public and private lives of their salaried employees) 6. Bureaucracies manage by applying standard rules to a variety of circumstances (hiring and promotion based on technical) 7. The protection of careers Each person is going to be there for a long time These people are not going to be arbitrarily dismissed 3.) Assessment of Bureaucracy Views were ambivalent Saw it in a positive way and also in a negative way Positive way efficiency & calculability Negative way bureaucratic rationality as featuring "the dominance of a spirit of formal impersonality"; "the passion for bureaucratization drives us to despair" C.) The Iron Cage of Rationality Suggesting that bureaucratic organizations are cages in which people become trapped due to the focus these organizations place on rationality Emphasizing efficiency, calculability, predictability and control Weber's concern can come at the expense of freedom and humanity Freedom humanity constrained by rules in a bureaucracy humanity; comes at the expense of humanity The impersonal nature of a bureaucracy (people are being forced to live and work in rational structures that are limiting and dehumanizing because we are treated as numbers) "The Iron Cage" Review of Part one of the Course Some Points about Early Sociological Theory Factors Influencing...
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