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Unformatted text preview: Sociological Theory Include the Industrial Revolution and Capitalism First lecture The Enlightenment Influenced sociological theory Rational, science, oriented toward social change The Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment Influenced sociological theory Traditional, religion, oriented toward social change French Sociology Comte (Sociology based on the natural sciences) paved the way for Durkheim German Sociology Hegel (the dialectic) and Feuerbach (materialism) paved the way for Marx (dialectical or historical materialism) Weber engaged in "a debate with the ghost of Marx" Comparison of Marx, Durkheim, and Weber Biographical Sketches The lives of all three men affected their theoretical ideas e.g., all three lived during the Industrial Revolution and wrote about the impact it had on society Modern Industrial Capitalist Society Marx (production, inequality, and conflict in capitalist society) Durkheim (organic solidarity in modern society; normal, anomic, and forced division of labour) Weber (Protestantism and the development of capitalist society; power and domination; different forms of authority; rationalization and bureaucracy) Comparison of Marx and Durkheim Orientation of Society Marx (emphasized social conflict and social change) Durkheim (emphasized social order and social stability) Shifts in Society Marx (change in the...
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