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Unformatted text preview: no further necessity of delving further into the other less important points
raised by BENGUET in connection with the first question.
On the second question, it suffices to consider, in answer thereto, that the rule of vicarious liability has,
since the passage of Republic Act 875, been expressly legislated out. The standing rule now is that for a
labor union and/or its officials and members to be liable, there must be clear proof of actual participation in, 41 or authorization or ratification of the illegal acts. While the lower court found that some strikers and
picketers resorted to intimidation and actual violence, it also found that defendants presented uncontradicted
evidence that before and during the strike, the strike leaders had time and again warned the strikers not to
resort to violence but to conduct peaceful picketing only. Assuming that the strikers did not heed these
admonitions coming from their leaders, the failure of the union officials to go against the erring union
members pursuant to the UNION and PAFLU constitutions and bylaws exposes, at the most, only a flaw or
weakness in the defense which, however, cannot be the basis for plaintiff BENGUET to recover.
Since defendants were not contractually bound by the nostrike clause in the CONTRACT, for the simple
reason that they were not parties thereto, they could not be liable for breach of contract to plaintiff. The lower
court therefore correctly absolved them from liability.
WHEREFORE, the judgment of the lower court appealed from is hereby affirmed. No costs. So ordered. 1äwphï1.ñët Phil. Products v. Primatera, 15 SCRA 392 (1965) RANESES DOCTRINE:
The law does not hold that in case of excess authority, both the agent and the principal are liable
to the other contracting party. In the absence of express legislation, the liability of the agent of a
foreign corporation doing business, but not licensed in the PH, is premised on the inability to sue
the principal or nonliability thereof.
This is an action to recover from defendants, the sum of P33,009.71 with interest and attorney's
fees of P8,000.00.
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This document was uploaded on 03/11/2014.
- Fall '14