The employer couldnot have beenexpectedtonotifydoleof

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Unformatted text preview: iable
 for
 the
 unlawful
 acts
 of
 individual
officers,
agents
or
members,
there
must
be
proof
of
actual
 authorization
 or
 ratification
 of
 such
 acts
 after
 actual
 knowledge
 thereof
 • Labor
organizations
not
liable
for
unauthorized
acts
of
officers
 o Labor
 unions
 are
 NOT
 liable
 in
 damages
 for
 the
 unauthorized
 or
 ungratified
 unlawful
 acts
 of
 their
 officials
 nor
 are
 they
 responsible
 for
 the
 unlawful
 acts
 of
 individual
 members
 which
 neither
 their
 officers
 nor
 committees
 have
 directed,
aided
or
approved
 • Liability
of
officers
of
labor
organizations
 o Where
 the
 acts
 of
 labor
 unions
 and
 their
 members
 are
 unlawful
 and
 tortuous,
 the
 officers
 participating
 in
 such
 unlawful
 actions
 are
 liable
 for
 the
 resulting
 damages
 irrespective
of
the
fact
that
they
were
acting
in
behalf
of
the
 union
 o Officers
 of
 labor
 unions
 are
 also
 liable
 for
 unlawful
 and
 tortuous
acts
done
pursuant
to
a
conspiracy
to
which
unions
 are
a
party
 • Liability
of
members
of
labor
organizations
 o Members
of
labor
unions
are
not
subject
to
civil
liability
for
 the
acts
of
the
union
or
its
officers
as
such,
unless
it
is
shown
 that
 they
 personally
 authorized
 or
 participated
 in
 the
 particular
acts,
and
the
liability
of
a
member
of
a
labor
union
 for
 the
 wrongful
 acts
 of
 his
 associates
 done
 without
 his
 knowledge
 or
 approval
 is
 not
 to
 be
 inferred
 from
 mere
 membership
in
the
union
 o However,
 members
 of
 a
 labor
 union
 are
 liable
 for
 damages
 resulting
 from
 particular
 unlawful
 acts
 which
 they
 participated
in
or
which
are
performed
at
their
direction
or
 pursuant
to
a
delegation
of
authority
by
them
 • Liability
of
labor
unions
for
damages
arising
from
boycott
 o A
 person
 against
 whom
 an
 unlawful
 boycott
 has
 been
 instituted
 may
 have
 an
 action
 for
 damages
 thereby
 occasioned
 against
 any
 and
 all
 of
 the
 persons
 who
 have
 combined
against
him,
provided
there
is
a
causal
connection
 between
the
acts
complained
of
and
the
damage
suffered
 • Liability
of
labor
 unions
for
damages
for
interfering
with
right
of
 laborers
to
work
 • 30
 An
 action
 for
 damages
 will
 lie
 against
 anyone,
 including
 a
 labor
 union,
 its
 officers
 or
 members,
 or
 a
 former
 employer,
 who
 unlawfully
 prevents
 one
 from
 procuring
 employment,
 or
who
intentionally
and
with...
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This document was uploaded on 03/11/2014.

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