16 artvi aelectionofofficers bpromulgateinternalrules

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Unformatted text preview: fect? A: A law must be published as a condition for its effectivity and in accordance with Article 2 of the Civil Code, it shall take effect fifteen days following the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette or in a newspaper of general circulation unless it is otherwise provided. (GR L‐ 63915, December 29, 1986) LIMITATIONS ON LEGISLATIVE POWER a. LIMITATIONS ON REVENUE, APPROPRIATION AND TARIFF MEASURES Q: What are the constitutional limitations on the legislative’s power to enact laws on revenue, appropriation and tariff measures? A: 1. All appropriation, revenue or tariff bills, bills authorizing increase of the public debt, bills of local application, and private bills, shall originate exclusively in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments. (Sec. 24, Art. VI) Note: The initiative for filing of ART bills must come from the House, but it does not prohibit the filing in the Senate of a substitute bill in anticipation of its receipt of the bill from the House, so long as the action by the Senate is withheld pending the receipt of the House bill (Tolentino v. Sec. of Finance, G.R. No. 115455, Aug. 25, 1994). 2. The President shall have the power to veto any particular item or items in an appropriation, revenue, or tariff bill, but the veto shall not affect the item or items to which he does not object. (Section 27 [2], Art. VI) Q: What are the implied limitations on appropriation power? A: 1. Must specify public purpose 2. Sum authorized for release must be determinate, or at least determinable. (Guingona v. Carague, G.R. No. 94571, April 22, 1991) Q: What are the constitutional limitations on special appropriations measures? POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT A: 1. 2. Must specify public purpose for which the sum was intended Must be supported by funds actually available as certified by the National Treasur...
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