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169777april202006 qwhocaninvokeexecutiveprivilege a

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Unformatted text preview: II) Q: What is the voting requirement to declare the existence of a state of war? A: 1. 2/3 of both Houses 2. In joint session 3. Voting separately Note: Even though the legislature can declare existence of war and enact measures to support it, the actual power to engage war is lodged nonetheless in the executive. Q: Discuss the Informing function of Congress. A: The informing function of the legislature includes its function to conduct legislative inquiries and investigation and its oversight power. POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT The power of Congress does not end with the finished task of legislation. Concomitant with its principal power to legislate is the auxiliary power to ensure that the laws it enacts are faithfully executed. As well stressed by one scholar, the legislature “fixes the main lines of substantive policy and is entitled to see that administrative policy is in harmony with it; it establishes the volume and purpose of public expenditures and ensures their legality and propriety; it must be satisfied that internal administrative controls are operating to secure economy and efficiency; and it informs itself of the conditions of administration of remedial measure.” The power of oversight has been held to be intrinsic in the grant of legislative power itself and integral to the checks and balances inherent in a democratic system of government. Woodrow Wilson went one step farther and opined that the legislature’s informing function should be preferred to its legislative function. He emphasized that “[E]ven more important than legislation is the instruction and guidance in political affairs which the people might receive from...
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