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Unformatted text preview: ty to: Declare a State of National Emergency Granted
by the Constitution, no legitimate objection can be raised. Exercise Emergency Powers Requires a delegation from Congress. (David, et al. v. Gloria Macapagal‐Arroyo, et al., G.R. No. 171396, May 3, 2006) Note: Conferment of emergency powers on the President is not mandatory on Congress. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Q: What is the form of government of the Philippines? A: The Philippines adheres to the presidential system. Q: What is the principal identifying feature of a presidential form of government? A: The principal identifying feature of a presidential form of government is embodied in the separation of powers doctrine. Note: In presidential system, the President is both the head of State and the head of government. Q: What are the essential characteristics of a parliamentary form of government? A: 1. The members of the government or cabinet or the executive arm are, as a rule, simultaneously members of the legislature; 2. The government or cabinet consisting of the political leaders of the majority party or of a coalition who are also members of the legislature, is in effect a committee of the legislature; 3. The government or cabinet has a pyramidal structure at the apex of which is the Prime Minister or his equivalent; POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 4. The government or cabinet remains in power only for so long as it enjoys the support of the majority of the legislature; 5. Both government and legislature are possessed of control devi...
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