Unformatted text preview: timately will prejudice the people’s welfare. This is the evil sought to be avoided by the Local Government Code in requiring that the land area of a local government unit must be spelled out in metes and bounds, with technical descriptions. (Mariano, Jr. v. COMELEC, G.R. No., 118577, Mar. 7, 1995) 3. LOCAL OFFICIALS 3.a. Elective Officials Q: What are the qualifications of elective government official? A: 1. Must be a Filipino citizen 2. Must be a registered voter in: a. The barangay, municipality, city or province where he intends to be elected b. The district where he intends to be elected in case of a member if the Sangguniang Panlalawigan, Sangguniang Panlungsod, or Sangguniang Bayan 3. Must be a resident therein for at least 1 year immediately preceding the day of the election; Note: The term “residence” under Section 39(a) of the LGC of 1991 is to be understood not in its common acceptation as referring to “dwelling” or “habitation”, but rather to “domicile” or “legal residence” that is, the place where a party actually or constructively has his permanent home, where he, no matter where he may be found at any given time, eventually intends to return and remain (animus manendi)( Coquilla v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 151914, July 31, 2002). 4. 5. Able to read and write Filipino/ any other local language or dialect Age requirement: (Sec. 39, LGC) At least 23 years old on election day 1.
5. Governor Vice Governor Mayor Vice Mayor Member of Sangguniang Panlungsod in highly urbanized cities At least 21 years old 1.
2. Mayor Vice Mayor of Independent component cities or municipalities At least 18 years old a.
d. Member of Sangguniang Panglungsod Member of Sangguniang Bayan Punong Barangay Member of Sangguniang Barangay At least 15 years of age but not more than 18 years of age on election day (as amended under R.A. 9164) Candidates for the Sangguniang Kabataan Q: When should the citizenship requirement be possessed? A: The citizenship requirement in the LGC is to be possessed by the elective official, at the lates...
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