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Unformatted text preview: O E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW 7. Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity A: 1. 2.
Note: Forced pregnancy means the unlawful confinement of a woman to be forcibly made pregnant, with the intent of affecting the ethnic composition of any population or carrying out other grave violations of international law. 3. 8. Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender, sexual orientation other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law Note: Persecution means the intentional and severe deprivation of fundamental rights contrary to international law by reason of identity of the group or collectively 9. Enforced or involuntary disappearance of persons – the arrest detention or abduction of persons by, or with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of, a State or a political organization followed by a refusal to acknowledge that deprivation of freedom or to give information on the fate or whereabouts of those persons, with the intention of removing them from the protection of the law for a prolonged period of time 10. Apartheid – Inhumane acts committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group/s and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime. 11. Other inhumane acts of similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health. (R.A. 9851) 1. Categories of Armed Conflicts Q: What are the kinds/types of conflict as contemplated in R.A. 9851? International Armed Conflict – between 2 or more States including belligerent occupation Non‐International Armed Conflict – between governmental authorities and organized armed groups or between such groups within a State. War of National Liberation ‐ an armed struggle waged by a people through its liberation movement against the established government to reach self‐
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