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An island is a naturally formed area of land

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Unformatted text preview: e? A: 1. When the offenses are committed in any territory under its jurisdiction or on board a ship or aircraft registered in the State; 2. When the alleged offender is a national of that State; 3. When the victim was a national of that State if that State considers it appropriate; 4. Where the alleged offender is present in any territory under its jurisdiction and it does not extradite him. Note: Nos. 1 to 3 are considered as extraditable offences. In the absence of an extradition treaty, the UNCTO may be considered as the legal basis for extradition. Such offenses shall be treated, for the purpose of extradition, as if they have been committed not only in the place in which they occurred but also in the territories of the State required to establish their jurisdiction. 252 j. INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW (IHL) AND NEUTRALITY Q: What is International Humanitarian Law (IHL)? A: It is the branch of PIL which governs armed conflicts to the end that the use of violence is limited and that human suffering is mitigated or reduced by regulating or limiting the means of military operations and by protecting persons who do not or no longer participate in hostilities. It is also known as the law of armed conflict or the law of war. Q: What are the two branches of IHL? A: 1. Law of Geneva – designed to safeguard military personnel who are no longer taking part in the fighting and people not actively. 2. Law of the Hague – establishes the rights and obligations of belligerents in the conduct of military operations, and limits the means of harming the enemy. Q: What is war? A: It is contention between two States, through their armed forces, for the purpose of overpowering the other and imposing such conditions of peace as the victor pleases. Q: What are the two categories of the Laws of war? A: The two categories are: 1. Jus in bello – also known as the law of war. The provisions of international humanitarian law apply to the warring parties irrespective of the reasons for the conflict and whether or not the cause upheld by either party is just. It r...
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