Unformatted text preview: Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY‐OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ 97 UST GOLDEN NOTES 2011 3.
6. He cannot file complaint or information without authority Right to be present not absolute No dismissal without approval Right to discovery proceedings 1. Availability Q: When do these rights become available? A: During custodial investigation or as soon as the investigation ceases to be a general inquiry unto an unsolved crime and direction is aimed upon a particular suspect, as when the suspect who has been taken into police custody and to whom the police would then direct interrogatory questions which tend to elicit incriminating statements. Note: Sec. 2 of R.A. 7438 provides that custodial investigation shall include the practice of issuing an invitation to a person who is under investigation in connection with an offense he is suspected to have committed Rights during custodial investigation apply only against testimonial compulsion and not when the body of the accused is proposed to be examined (i.e. urine sample; photographs; measurements; garments; shoes) which is a purely mechanical act. In the case of Galman v. Pamaran, it was held that the constitutional safeguard is applied notwithstanding that the person is not yet arrested or under detention at the time. However, Fr. Bernas has qualified this statement by saying that jurisprudence under the 1987 Constitution has consistently held, following the stricter view, that the rights begin to be available only when the person is already in custody. (People v. Ting Lan Uy, G.R. No. 157399, Nov.17, 2005) Q: X was criminally charged. An information was filed against him and he was subsequently arrested pursuant to a warrant of arrest issued by the court. Later X executed an extrajudicial confession thru a Sinumpaang Salaysay without the assistance of counsel. X’s counsel moved that the Sinumpaang Salaysay bedeclared inadmi...
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