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Unformatted text preview: lligerents. This exists only during war time and is governed by the law of nations. Examples of these states are Switzerland, Sweden, The Vatican City, Costa Rica. Q: What is non‐alignment (Neutralism)? A: This refers to peacetime foreign policies of nations desiring to remain detached from conflicting interests of other nations or power groups. Q: What is a neutralist policy? A: It is the policy of the state to remain neutral in future wars. Non‐alignment is the implementation of neutralism. Q: How is non‐alignment different from neutrality? A: NEUTRALITY Presupposes the existence of war or conflict Avoids involvement in a war Pre‐determined position NON‐ALIGNMENT
Exists during peace time Rejects imperialism and colonialism by the world powers Evaluates the world political events based on case‐to‐case merits Q: When is a State considered as a neutralized State? A: Where its independence and integrity are guaranteed by an international convention on the condition that such State obligates itself to never take up arms against any other State, except for self‐defense, or enter into such international obligations as would indirectly involve a war. Note: A State seeks neutralization where it is weak and does not wish to take active part in international politics. The power that guarantees its neutralization may be motivated either by balance of power considerations or by desire to make the State a buffer between the territories of the great powers. Q: What are the rights and duties of a neutral State? A: 1. Abstain from taking part in the hostilities and from giving assistance to either belligerent; 2. Prevent its territory and other resources from being used in the conduct of hostilities(Right of territorial Integrity); and 3. Acquiesce in certain restrictions and limitations the belligerents may find necessary to impose. 4. To continue diplomatic relations with other neutral states and with the belligerents (Right of diplomatic communications). Q: What are the obligations of belligerents? A: 1. Respect the status of the neutral State; 2. Avoid any act that...
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