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Article472unclos 2 the drawing of such baselines shall

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Unformatted text preview: egulates only those aspects of international law, which are of humanitarian concern. 2. Jus ad bellum or jus contra bellum ‐ known as the law on the use of force or law on the prevention of war. The application of humanitarian law does not involve the denunciation of guilty parties as that would be bound to arouse controversy and not paralyze POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW implementation of the law, since each adversary would claim to be a victim of aggression. IHL is intended to protect war victims and their fundamental rights, no matter to which party they belong. Q: Is the UN Charter committed to the outlawing of war? A: Yes. Under the UN Charter, the use of force is allowed only in two instances, to wit, in the exercise of the inherent right of self‐defense and in pursuance of the so‐called enforcement action that may be decreed by the Security Council. Q: How is war commenced? A: With the: 1. Declaration of war 2. Rejection of an ultimatum 3. Commission of an act of force regarded by at least one of the parties as an act of war. Q: What is a declaration of war? A: A communication by one State to another informing the latter that the condition of peace between them has come to an end and a condition of war has taken place. Q: What is an ultimatum? A: A written communication by one State to another which formulates, finally and categorically, the demands to be fulfilled if forcible measures are to be averted. Q: What are the effects of the outbreak of war? A: 1. Laws of peace are superseded by the laws of...
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