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Unformatted text preview: ty for reasons related to an armed conflict 3. A civilian or any person not taking a direct part or having ceased to take part in the hostilities in the power of the adverse party 4. A person who, before the beginning of hostilities, was considered a stateless person or refugee under the relevant international instrument accepted by the parties to the conflict concerned or under the national legislation of the state of refuge or state of residence 5. A member of the medical personnel assigned exclusively to medical purposes or to the administration of medical units or to the operation of an administration of medical transports; or 6. A member of the religious personnel who is exclusively engaged in the work of their ministry and attached to the armed forces of a party to the conflict, its medical units or medical transports or non‐denominational, non‐combatant military personnel carrying out functions similar to religious personnel. Note: In such situations the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I apply. Q: What is suspension of arms? A: It is a temporary cessation of hostilities by agreement of the local commanders for such purposes as the gathering of the wounded and the burialof the dead. 260 Q: What is armistice? A: Suspension of hostilities within a certain area or in the entire region of the war, agreed upon by the belligerents, usually for the purpose of arranging the terms of the peace. Q: Distinguish armistice from suspension of arms. A: ARMISTICE SUSPENSION OF ARMS As to the purpose Political Military As to form Usually in writing May be oral As to who may conclude Only by the commanders‐in‐chief of the belligerent governments May be concluded by the local commanders Q: What is a cease‐fire? A: Unconditional stoppage of all hostilities usually ordered by an international body like the United Nations Security Council. Q: What is a truce? A: A conditional ceasefire for political purposes. Q: What is a capitulation? A: Surrender of military forces, places or districts, in accordance with the r...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014.

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