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Unformatted text preview: ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW Q: What is the mare liberum principle or the Free Sea or Freedom of the Sea? A: It means international waters are free to all nations and belongs to none of them. 1. Baselines Q: What is a baseline? A: It is a line from which the breadth of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the exclusive economic zone is measured in order to determine the maritime boundary of the coastal State. b. marks, and the waters enclosed thereby shall be considered as internal waters. (Article 10 [4], UNCLOS) Exceeds 24 nautical miles–straight baseline of 24 nautical miles shall be drawn within the bay in such a manner as to enclose the maximum area of water that is possible with a line of that length. (Article 10 [5], UNCLOS) Note: This relates only to bays the coasts of which belong to a single State and does not apply to “historic” bays (Article 10 (1), UNCLOS) Q: What is a bay? A: It is a well‐marked indentation whose penetration is in such proportion to the width of its mouth as to contain land‐locked waters and constitute more than a mere curvature of the coast. (Article 10 (2), UNCLOS) Note: The indentation shall not be regarded as a bay unless its area is as large as, or larger than, that of the semi‐circle whose diameter is a line drawn across the mouth of that indentation. (Ibid) Q: How is a baseline formed in the following? A: 1. Mouths of Rivers – If a river flows directly into the sea, the baseline shall be a straight line across the mouth of the river between points on the low‐ water line of its banks. (Article 9, UNLOS) 2. Bays – Where the distance between the low‐water marks of the natural entrance points: a. Does not exceed 24 nautical miles – closing line may be drawn between these two low‐water 2. Archipelagic States Q: What is an archipelago? A: It means a group of islands, including parts of islands, interconnecting waters...
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