Comelecgr academicschairlesterjayalanefloresii

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Unformatted text preview: INOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT Note: In Montejo vs. COMELEC, it was held that while concededly the conversion of Biliran into a regular province brought about an imbalance in the distribution of voters and inhabitants in the 5 districts of Leyte, the issue involves reapportionment of legislative districts, and Petitioner’s remedy lies with Congress. This Court cannot itself make the reapportionment as petitioner would want. (Montejo vs. COMELEC G.R. No. 118702, March 16, 1995) Q: What is Gerrymandering? Is it allowed? A: Gerrymandering is the formation of one legislative district out of separate territories for the purpose of favoring a candidate or a party. It is not allowed because the Constitution provides that each district shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact and adjacent territory (Bernas, Reviewer in Philippine Constitution, p. 186) PARTY‐LIST SYSTEM Q: Discuss the Party‐List System. A: Party‐list representatives shall constitute 20% of the total number of representatives in the House of Representatives. (Sec. 5 [2], Art. VI, 1987 Constitution) Party‐list system is a mechanism of proportional representation in the election of representatives to the HoR from national, regional and sectoral parties or organizations or coalitions thereof registered with the COMELEC. A free and open party system shall be allowed to evolve according to the free choice of the people. (Sec. 2 [5], Art. IX‐C, 1987 Constitution) Political parties registered under the party‐list system shall be entitled to appoint poll watchers in accordance with law. (Sec. 8, Art. IX‐C, 1987 Constitution) Q: Discuss the different parties under the party‐ list system A: No votes cast in favor of political party, organization or coalition shall be valid except for those registered under the party‐list syste...
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