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Unformatted text preview: antees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples. The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for. Note: An impartial humanitarian body, such as the international committee of Red Cross, may offer its services to the parties to the conflict. 1.c. War of National Liberation Q: What are wars of national liberation? A: These are armed conflicts in which people are fighting against colonial domination and alien occupation and against racist regimes in the exercise of their right to self determination. [Article 1(4), Protocol I] These are sometimes called insurgencies, rebellions or wars of independence. Q: What is its basis? A: Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. Q: What are the categories on the wars for national liberation? A: Its categories are: 1. Colonial domination 2. Alien occupation; and 3. Racist regimes when the ‘people’s oppressed by these regimes are fighting for self‐determination. Note: The wars of national liberation are restrictive in the sense that they only fall under the following situations. Q: What is the effect of the said Protocol? A: Armed conflicts that fall under the categories will now be regarded as international armed conflicts and thus fall under the International Humanitarian Law. 2. Core International Obligations of States in IHL Q: What are the essential rules of IHL? A: 1. The parties to a conflict must at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants 2. Neither the civilian population as a whole nor individual civilians may be attacked 3. Attacks may be made sole against military objectives 4. People who do not or can no longer take part in the hostilities are entitled to respect for their lives and for their physical and mental integrity and must ACADEMICS CHAIR: LESTER JAY ALAN E. FLORES II U N I V E R S I T Y O F S A N T O T O M A S VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G. SAB...
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