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Unformatted text preview: 011 GR: Each reading shall be held on separate days and printed copies thereof in its final form shall be distributed to its Members, 3 days before its passage. XPN: If a bill is certified as urgent by the President as to the necessity of its immediate enactment to meet a public calamity or emergency, the 3 readings can be held on the same day. (Sec. 26, Art. VI) Q: What are the reasons for the three readings? A: 1. To address the tendency of legislators, (on the last day of the legislative year when legislators were eager to go home) 2. To rush bills through 3. To insert alters which would not otherwise stand scrutiny in leisurely debate. Q: What is the purpose of the constitution of the Bicameral Conference Committee? A: A Conference Committee is constituted and is composed of Members from each House of Congress to settle, reconcile or thresh out differences or disagreements on any provision of the bill. Q: If the version approved by the Senate is different from that approved by the House of Representatives, how are the differences reconciled? A. In a bicameral system, bills are independently processed by both Houses of Congress. It is not unusual that the final version approved by one House differs from what has been approved by the other. The “conference committee,” consisting of members nominated from both Houses, is an extra‐constitutional creation of Congress whose function is to propose to Congress ways of reconciling conflicting provisions found in the Senate version and in the House version of a bill. (Concurring and Dissenting Opinion, J. Callejo, Sr., G.R. No. 168056, September 1, 2005) Q: Are the conferees limited to reconciling the differences in the bill? A: The conferees are not limited to reconciling the differences in the bill but may introduce new provisions germane to the subject matter or may report out an entirely new bill on the subject. 38 (Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, G.R. No, 115455, August 25, 1994) Q: When does the law take ef...
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