Optional religious instruction for public elementary

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Unformatted text preview: mbers of the AFP swear to uphold and defend the Constitution, which is the fundamental law of civil government. (Sec. 5[1], Art. XVI, 1987 Constitution) Q: Can a person avoid the rendition of military services to defend the State? A: No. One cannot avoid compulsory military service by invoking one’s religious convictions or by saying that he has a sick father and several brothers and sisters to support. Accordingly, the duty of government to defend the State cannot be performed except through an army. To leave the organization of an army to the will of the citizens would be to make this duty to the Government excusable should there be no sufficient men who volunteer to enlist therein. The right of the Government to require compulsory military service is a consequence of its duty to defend the State and is reciprocal with its duty to defend the life, liberty, and property of the citizen.” (People v. Zosa, G.R. No. L‐45892‐93, July 13, 1938). Q: What are the provisions of the Constitution that support the principle of separation of Church and State? A: 1. The non‐establishment clause. (Sec. 5 of Art. III) 2. Sectoral representation in the House of Representatives. Various sectors may be represented except the religious sector. (Par. 2, Sec. 5 of Art. VI) 3. Religious groups shall not be registered as political parties. (Par. 5, Sec. 2, Art. IX‐C, 1987 Constitution) Note : Exceptions to the above‐mentioned rule are the following provisons : 1. Churches, parsonages, etc. actually, directly and exclusively used for religious purposes shall be exempt from taxation. (Article VI, Section 28[3]); 2. When priest, preacher, minister or dignitary is assigned to the armed forces, or any penal POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA,...
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