Unformatted text preview: cretary when acting “by authority of the President” may reverse the decision of another department secretary. (Lacson‐Magallanes Co., Inc. v. Paño, G.R. No. L‐
27811, Nov. 17, 1967) A: 1.
2. If the acts are disapproved or reprobated by the President; If the President is required to act in person by law or by the Constitution. Note: In the case of Abakada Guro v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 168056, Sept. 1, 2005, the SC held that the Secretary of Finance can act as an agent of the Legislative Dept. to determine and declare the event upon which its expressed will is to 50 3. Local Government Units Q: What is the power of general supervision? A: This is the power of a superior officer to ensure that the laws are faithfully executed by subordinates. The power of the President over LGUs is only of general supervision. Thus, he can only interfere in the affairs and activities of a LGU POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT if he finds that the latter acted contrary to law. The President or any of his alter egos cannot interfere in local affairs as long as the concerned LGU acts within the parameters of the law and the Constitution. Any directive, therefore, by the President or any of his alter egos seeking to alter the wisdom of a law‐conforming judgment on local affairs of a LGU is a patent nullity, because it violates the principle of local autonomy, as well as the doctrine of separation of powers of the executive and the legislative departments in governing municipal corporations. (Dadole v. COA, G.R. No. 125350, Dec. 3, 2002) forces, t...
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