Unformatted text preview: ommunism, nor despotism, nor atomism, nor anarchy,” but the humanization of laws and the equalization of social and economic force by the State so that justice in its rational and objectively secular conception may at least be approximated. Social justice means the promotion of the welfare of all the people, the adoption by the Government of measures calculated to insure economic stability of all competent elements of society, through the maintenance of a proper economic and social equilibrium in the interrelations of the members of the community, constitutionally, through the adoption of measures legally justifiable, or extra‐
constitutionally, through the exercise of powers underlying the existence of all governments on the time‐honored principle of salus populi est suprema lex. (Calalang v. Williams, 70 Phil 726, ) Social justice simply means the equalization of economic, political, and social opportunities with special emphasis on the duty of the state to tilt the balance of social forces by favoring the disadvantaged in life. (Bernas, The 1987 Philippines Constitution: A Reviewer ‐ Primer, 2006) Q: What aspects of human life are covered by Art. XIII? A: 1. Social justice 2. Labor 3. Agrarian and natural resources reform 4. Urban land reform and housing 5. Health 224 6.
8. Women Role and rights of people’s organization Human rights Q: Are workers in the private sector entitled to the right to strike? A: Yes, but the same must be exercised in accordance with the law. (Sec. 3, Art. XII, 1987 Constitution) Q: What are the provisions of the Constitution on women? A: 1. The State shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. (Sec. 12, Art II, 1987 Constitution) 2. The State recognizes the role of women in nation‐building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men. (Sec. 14, Art. II, 1987 Constitution) 3. The State shall protect working women by providing safe and healthful working conditions, taking into account their...
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