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Unformatted text preview: pose of separation of powers? ACADEMICS CHAIR: LESTER JAY ALAN E. FLORES II U N I V E R S I T Y O F S A N T O T O M A S VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G.SABUGO & JOHN HENRY C. MENDOZA Facultad de Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY‐OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ 13 UST GOLDEN NOTES 2011 A: To prevent the concentration of authority in one person or group of persons that might lead to irreparable error or abuse in its exercise to the detriment of republican institutions. The purpose was not to avoid friction, but, by means of the inevitable friction incident to the distribution of governmental powers among the three departments, to save the people from autocracy. 1. To secure action 2. To forestall over‐action 3. To prevent despotism 4. To obtain efficiency Q: What are the powers vested in the three branches of government? A: Executive Legislative Judiciary Imple‐
mentation of laws (Power of the sword) Making of laws (Power of the purse) Interpretation of laws (Power of judicial review) Note: Legislative power is given to the Legislature whose members hold office for a fixed term (Art. VI, Sec.1); executive power is given to a separate Executive who holds office for a fixed term (Art. VII, Sec.1); and judicial power is held by an independent Judiciary. (Art. VIII, Sec.1) Q: A group of losing litigants in a case decided by the SC filed a complaint before the Ombudsman charging the Justices with knowingly and deliberately rendering an unjust decision in utter violation of the penal laws of the land. Can the Ombudsman validly take cognizance of the case? A: No. Pursuant to the principle of separation of powers, the correctness of the decisions of the SC as final arbiter of all justiciable disputes is conclusive upon all other departments of the government; the Ombudsman has no power to review the decisions of the SC by entertaining a complaint against the Justices of the SC for knowi...
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