Sisonzarahpatriciatsuarezralphjuliousl villamor

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Unformatted text preview: ng the minimum term of the indeterminate sentence penalty, without granting a pardon, prescribing PARDON Addressed to Ordinary offenses ACADEMICS CHAIR: LESTER JAY ALAN E. FLORES II U N I V E R S I T Y O F S A N T O T O M A S VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G. SABUGO & JOHN HENRY C. MENDOZA Facultad de Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY‐OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ 55 UST GOLDEN NOTES 2011 g. DIPLOMATIC POWERS Q: What are the President’s powers over foreign affairs? A: The President is the chief architect of foreign relations. By reason of the President's unique position as Head of State, he is the logical choice as the nation's spokesman in foreign relations. The Senate, on the other hand, is granted the right to share in the treaty‐making power of the President by concurring with him with the right to amend. Q: What is the scope of the foreign relations powers of the President? A: The President’s diplomatic powers include power to: 1. Negotiate treaties and other international agreements. However, such treaty or international agreement requires the concurrence of the Senate (Sec. 21, Art. VII) which may opt to do the following: a. Approve with 2/3 majority; b. Disapprove outright; or c. Approve conditionally, with suggested amendments which if re‐negotiated and the Senate’s suggestions are incorporated, the treaty will go into effect without need of further Senate approval. 2. Appoint ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls. 3. Receive ambassadors and other public ministers accredited to the Philippines. (Cruz, Philippine Political Law, 2002 ed., p. 239). 4. Contract and guarantee foreign loans on behalf of RP. (Sec. 20, Art. VII). 5. Deport aliens: a. This power is vested in the President by virtue of his office, subject only to restrictions as may be provided by legislation as regards to the grounds for deportation. (Sec. 69, Revised Administrative Code). b. In the absence of any legis...
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