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The power of oversight has been held to be

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Unformatted text preview: er or to be raised by corresponding revenue proposal included therein. (Sec. 25[4], Art. VI, 1987 Constitution) Q: What are the Constitutional rules on General Appropriations Laws? A: 1. Congress may not increase appropriations recommended by the President for the operations of the government; 2. Form, content and manner of preparation of budget shall be provided by law; 3. No provision or enactment shall be embraced in the bill unless it releases specifically to some particular appropriations therein; 4. Procedure from approving appropriations for Congress shall be the same as that of other departments in order to prevent sub‐rosa appropriations by Congress; 5. Prohibition against transfer of appropriations (doctrine of augmentation), however the following may, by law, be authorized to augment any item in the general appropriations law for their respective offices from savings in other items of their respective appropriations: a. President b. Senate President c. Speaker of the HoR d. Chief Justice e. Heads of Constitutional Commissions. 6. Prohibitions against appropriations for sectarian benefit; and 7. Automatic re‐appropriation – if, by the end of any fiscal year, the Congress shall have failed to pass the general appropriations bill for the ensuing fiscal year, the general appropriations law for the preceding fiscal year shall be deemed reenacted and shall remain in force and effect until the general appropriations bill is passed by the Congress (Sec. 25, [7], Art. VI, 1987 Constitution) b. Presidential Veto and Congressional Override Q: What is the rule on presidential veto? A: GR: If the President disapproves a bill enacted by Congress, he should veto the entire bill. He is not allowed to veto separate items of a bill. XPN: Item‐veto is allowed in case of appropriation, revenue, and tariff bills (Sec. 27 [2], Art. VI, 1987 Constitution). XPNs to the XPN: 1. Doctrine of inappropriate provisions – a provision that is constitutionally inappropriate for an appropriation bill may...
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