Theincidentalarisingofanewdistrictinthismanner need

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Unformatted text preview: I T Y O F S A N T O T O M A S VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G. SABUGO & JOHN HENRY C. MENDOZA Facultad de Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY‐OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ 19 UST GOLDEN NOTES 2011 2. DISTRICT REPRESENTATIVES AND QUESTIONS OF APPORTIONMENT Q: Who are district representatives? A: District representatives are those who were elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities and the Metropolitan Manila area. Q: How are legislative districts apportioned? A: Legislative districts are apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area. They are apportioned in accordance with the number of their respect inhabitants and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio. (Section 5, Article VI, 1987Constitution) Each city with a population of at least 250,000 shall have at least one representative. Each province shall have at least one representative. Note: The question of the validity of an apportionment law is a justiciable question. (Macias v. Comelec, G.R. No. L‐18684, September 14, 1961) Q: What are the conditions for apportionment? A: 1. Elected from legislative districts which are apportioned in accordance with the number of inhabitants of each area and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio: a. Uniform – Every representative of Congress shall represent a territorial unit with more or less 250,000 population. All the other representatives shall have the same or nearly the same political constituency so much so that their votes will constitute the popular majority. b. Progressive – It must respond to the change in times. The number of House representatives must not be so big as to be unwieldy. (Let us say, there is a growth in population. The ratio may then be increased. From 250,000 constituents/1 representative it may be reapportioned to 300, 000 constituents/1 representative). 20 Each legislative district shall comprise contiguous, compact and adjacent territory. (This...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014.

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