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Unformatted text preview: t, and may have them incarcerated until such time that they agree to testify. The continuance of such incarceration only subsists for the lifetime, or term, of such body. Thus, each House lasts for only 3 years. But if one is incarcerated by the Senate, it is indefinite because the Senate, with its staggered terms, is a continuing body. Q: Does the pardoning power of the President apply to cases of legislative contempt? A: No. It is a limitation on the President’s power to pardon by virtue of the doctrine of separation of powers. Q: What is the so‐called ‘question hour’? A: The heads of departments may upon their own initiative with the consent of the President, or upon the request of either House, as the rules of each house shall provide, appear before and be heard by such House on any matter pertaining to their departments. Written questions shall be submitted to the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the HoR at least 3 days before their scheduled appearance. Interpellations shall not be limited to written questions, but it may cover matters related thereto. When the security of the State or the public interest so requires, the appearance shall be conducted in executive session (Sec. 22, Art.VI, 1987 Constitution) Q: Distinguish question hour from legislative investigation. A: LEGISLATIVE INVESTIGATION (SEC. 21, ART. VI, 1987 CONSTITUTION) As to persons who may appear Only a department head Any person As to who conducts the investigation
QUESTION HOUR (SEC. 22, ART. VI, 1987 CONSTITUTION) Entire body Committees As to subject matter Matters related to the Any matter for the department only purpose of legislation d. POWER OF OVERSIGHT Q: What is the power of oversight of Congress? A: The power of oversight embraces all activities undertaken by Congress to enhance its understanding of and influence over the implementation of legislation it has enacted. It concerns post‐enactment measures undertaken by Congress. (Macalintal v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 157013 July 1...
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