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Unformatted text preview: e expenditures, sources of financing as well as receipts from previous revenues and proposed revenue measures. It will serve as a guide for Congress: 1. In fixing the appropriations; 2. In determining the activities which should be funded. (Section 22, Art. VII) Note: The propose subject is not final. It is subject to the approval of Congress but the President may exercise his or her veto power. Accordingly, the power of the purse belongs to Congress, subject only to the veto power of the President. The President may propose the budget but still the final say on the matter of appropriation is lodged in the Congress. (Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, G.R. No. 113105, August 19, 1994) Q: May Congress modify the budget proposed by the President? A: Yes. However, Congress may only reduce but not increase the budget. Q: May Congress increase its outlay for itself, the Judiciary and other Constitutional bodies? A: No, because it is presumed that their needs have already been identified while drafting the budget. Note: Congress may not decrease the appropriation for the Judiciary below the amount appropriated for the previous year. c. LEGISLATIVE INQUIRIES Q: What does Section 21, Article VI of the Constitution provide? A: The Senate or the House of Representatives or any of its respective committees may conduct inquiries in aid of legislation in accordance with its duly published rules of procedure. The rights of persons appearing in, or affected by, such inquiries shall be respected. Note: “In aid of legislation” does not mean that there is pending legislation regarding the subject of the inquiry. In fact, investigation may be needed for purposes of proposing future legislation. If the stated purpose of the investigation is to determine he existence of violations of the law, the investigation is no longer “in aid of legislation” but “in aid or prosecution.” This violates the principle of separation of powers and is beyond the scope of Congressional powers. Q: What is the scope of subject matter of the power to conduct inquiri...
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