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Valmonte vs de villa 178 scra211 q when may motorists

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Unformatted text preview: scriminates against some and favors others when both are similarly situated. (2 Cooley, Constitutional Limitations, 824‐825) Note: It must be borne in mind that the Arroyo administration is but just a member of a class, that is, a class of past administrations. It is not a class of its own. Not to include past administrations similarly situated constitutes arbitrariness which the equal protection clause cannot sanction. Such discriminating differentiation clearly reverberates to label the commission as a vehicle for vindictiveness and selective retribution. (Biraogo v. The Philippine 78 Truth Commission of 2010, G.R. No. 192935, Dec. 7, 2010) Note: The rights and interests of the State in these things are not simply political but also proprietary in nature and so citizens may lawfully be given preference over aliens in their use or enjoyment. Aliens do not enjoy the same protection as regards political rights. (Inchong v. Hernandez, G.R. No. L‐ 7995, May 31, 1957) Q: Is classification of citizens by the legislature unconstitutional? A: GR: The legislature may not validly classify the citizens of the State on the basis of their origin, race, or parentage. XPN: The difference in status between citizens and aliens constitutes a basis for reasonable classification in the exercise of police power. (Demore v. Kim, 538 U.S. 510, 2003) POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRISTINE Y. UY; MEMBERS: LAWRENCE PAULO H. AQUINO, LEANDRO RODEL V. ATIENZA, MARINETH EASTER AN D. AYOS, CARLO R. BALA, WILFREDO T. BONILLA, JR., KEEL ACHERNAR R. DINOY, APRIL V. ENRILE, KENNETH JAMES CARLO C. HIZON, JOSE MARIA G. MENDOZA, ROGER CHRISTOPHER R. REYES, ROMILINDA C. SIBAL, JASMIN M. SISON, ZARAH PATRICIA T. SUAREZ, RALPH JULIOUS L. VILLAMOR. BILL OF RIGHTS Q: What is the rationale for allowing, in exceptional cases, valid classification based on citizenship? A: Aliens do not naturally possess the sympathetic consideration and regard for customers with whom they come in daily contact, nor the patriotic desire to help bolster the nation’s economy, excep...
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