When the religious organization started presenting

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Unformatted text preview: its face, rather than as applied, is permitted in the interest of preventing a chilling effect on freedom of expression. ( Separate opinion of Justice Mendoza in Cruz v. Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources, 347 SCRA 128, 2000) Q: How is "facial" challenge different from "as‐ applied" challenge? A: Distinguished from an as‐applied challenge which considers only extant facts affecting real litigants, a facial invalidation is an examination of the entire law, pinpointing its flaws and defects, not only on the basis of its actual operation to the parties, but also on the assumption or prediction that its very existence may cause others not before the court to refrain from constitutionally protected speech or activities. (KMU v. Ermita, G.R. No. 17855, October 5, 2010) Q: Are facial challenges allowed in penal statutes? A: No. Criminal statutes have general in terrorem effect resulting from their very existence, and, if facial challenge is allowed for this reason alone, the State may well be prevented from enacting laws against socially harmful conduct. In the area of criminal law, the law cannot take chances as in the area of free speech. (KMU v. Ermita, G.R. No. 17855, October 5, 2010) Q: What is the Overbreadth Doctrine? 88 A: The overbreadth doctrine permits a party to challenge the validity of a statute even though as applied to him it is not unconstitutional but it might be if applied to others not before the Court whose activities are constitutionally protected. (Separate opinion of Justice Mendoza in Cruz v. Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources, 347 SCRA 128, 2000) It is a type of facial challenge that prohibits the government from achieving its purpose by means that “sweep unnecessarily broadly, reaching constitutionally protected as well as unprotected activity. 5. Tests Q: What are the tests for valid governmental interference to freedom of expression? A: 1. Clear and Present Danger test Question: Whether the words...
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