Doctrine was implied inwooley v maynardin 1971

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Unformatted text preview: es not absolute – the school cannot suspend or expel a student solely on the basis of the articles he has written except when such article materially disrupts class work or involves substantial disorder or invasion of rights of others. (Miriam College Foundation v. CA, GR 127930, December 15, 2000) Q: Discuss the Doctrine of Fair Comment. A: The doctrine provides that while as a general rule, every discreditable public imputation is false because every man is presumed innocent, thus every false imputation is deemed malicious, as an exception, when the discreditable imputation is directed against a public person in his public capacity, such is not necessarily actionable. For it to be actionable, it must be shown that either there is a false allegation of fact or comment based on a false supposition. However, if the comment is an expression of opinion, based on established facts; it is immaterial whether the opinion happens to be mistaken, as long as it might reasonably be inferred from facts. (Borjal v. CA, G.R. No. 126466, Jan. 14, 1999) Q: A national daily newspaper carried an exclusive report stating that Senator XX received a house and lot located at YY Street, Makati, in consideration for his vote cutting cigarette taxes by 50%. The Senator sued the newspaper, its reporter, editor and publisher for libel, claiming the report was completely false and malicious. According to the Senator, there is no YY Street in Makati, and the tax cut was only 20%. He claimed one million pesos in damages. The defendants denied "actual malice," claiming privileged communication and absolute freedom of the press to report on public officials and matters of public concern. If there was any error, the newspaper said it would publish the correction promptly. Is there "actual malice" in the newspaper’s reportage? How is "actual POLITICAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: ATTY. EDWIN REY SANDOVAL; SUBJECT HEAD: RACHEL MARIE L. FELICES; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: WIVINO E. BRACERO II & HERAZEUS CHRI...
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