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Unformatted text preview: . It should be stressed that the purpose of allowing ad hoc investigating bodies to exist is to allow an inquiry into matters which the President is entitled to know so that he can be properly advised and guided in the performance of his duties relative to the execution and enforcement of the laws of the land. (Biraogo v. Philippine Truth Commission of 2010, G.R. No. 192935, December 7, 2010) Q: What are the characteristics of a public office? A: 1. It is a public trust. 2. It is not a property and is outside the commerce of man. It cannot be the subject of a contract. It is not a vested right. It cannot be inherited. (Sec. 1, Art. XI, Constitution; Santos v. Secretary of Labor, G.R. No.L‐21624, Feb 27, 1968) Q. What is the principle of "public office is a public trust?" A: It means that the officer holds the public office in trust for the benefit of the people—to whom such officers are required to be accountable at all times, and to serve with utmost responsibility, loyalty, and efficiency, act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives. (Sec. 1, Art. XI, Constitution) Q: What does the concept "public office is not a property” mean? A: It means no officer can acquire vested right in the holding of a public office, nor can his right to hold the office be transmitted to his heirs upon his death. Nevertheless, the right to hold a public office is a protected right—secured by due process and the provision of Constitution on security of tenure. (Santos v. Secretary of Labor, G.R. No.L‐21624, Feb 27, 1968) Q: What are the classifications of government employment? A: 1. Career Service 2. Non‐career Service Q: What are included in the career service? A: 1. Open career positions for appointment to which prior qualifications in an appropriate examination is required 2. Closed career positions which are scientific or highly technical in nature 3. Positions in the Career executive service 4. Career officers other than those in the career executive service, who are appointed by the President 5. Commissioned officers and enlisted men of the Armed Forces 6. P...
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