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Unformatted text preview: ee ecotypes of Indian rape, B.campestris L. ssp. oleifera viz., toria, brown sarson (lotni and tora types) and yellow sarson, Swede rape or gobhi sarson (B.napus L.), Ethiopian mustard or karan rai (B.carinata Braun.) and taramira or tara (Eruca sativa Mill.). On the Indian subcontinent B.juncea is the dominant species grown and alongwith. B. rapa ( syn. B. campestris L.) and B. napus L. are the important sources of edible oil in India. These species are regarded as of Asiatic origin. Besides, taramira, believed to be a native of southern Europe and North Africa is grown in the drier parts of northwest India. Of late, two other exotics, namely gobhi sarson and karan rai are becoming popular with the farmers in the areas where winter spell is longer. The rapeseed‐mustard group of crops is largely grown under the hardy conditions of rainfed agriculture with low input management during rabi season, but have a good inherent potential to convert natural resources into usable biological energy.Variation in varieties along with local names and chief characteristics are as follows: Sl.No. Botanical Na me English Common name Name Brassica 1. Rapeseed
Campestris Chief Characteristics 1 T he seeds are Bold or large size, round in shape and h ave a smooth surface, Sarson colour of the seed yellow or b rown or dark brown to b lack. 1 CODE OF STORAGE PRACTICES (AGRICULTURE PRACTICES): CWC 6 Rapeseed Brassica 2. Rapeseed
Campestris Brassica Mustard 3. Juncea Seeds are spherical or avoid in shape and are reddish or dark brown in colour, Toria h aving slightly wrinkled surface. Seeds are slightly smaller than those of Sarson. Seeds are small in size spherical or ovoid in shape and have a distinctly Rai w rinkled surface. Colour of the seed is dark brown or b lack. Demand‐Supply scenario The projected demand for oilseeds in India is around 34 million tonnes by 2020, of which about 14 million tonnes (41%) is to be met by rapeseed‐mustard2 Production India is a major Rape/Mustard seed growing country of the world contributing the second position in terms of total production of Rape/Mustard seed after China and first position in terms of area covered for productio...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014.
- Spring '14