3 the productivity of rapemustard seed has been

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Unformatted text preview: n of Rape/Mustard seed.3 The productivity of Rape/Mustard seed has been increased in India from 870 kg/hectare in 1998‐99 to 935 kg/hectare in 2000 ‐ 01. It is estimated that the productivity of Rape/mustard seed in India will reach to 1057 kg/hectare in 2006‐ 07. Such a remarkable performance in production and yield of rapeseed‐mustard leading what is commonly being called Yellow Revolution visible in all rapeseed‐ mustard growing states as well as in non‐traditional areas of the country is reminding the production of wheat in the late sixties enabling the country to enter into the era of Green Revolution. This is to be attributed to the development of high yielding varieties coupled with improved production technologies, their widespread adoption and good support price. 2 STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE YIELD POTENTIAL OF RAPESEED-MUSTARD IN INDIA, J.S. YADAVA AND N.B. SINGH 3 Rapeseed-mustard research in India : 21st century strategies, P.R.Kumar, 7 www.regional.org.au/au/gcirc/4/492.htm Rapeseed In spite of these achievements, there exists a gap between production potential and actual realization. In comparison of other countries like European Union, China and Canada, productivity in India differs significantly. The following reasons may be attributed to the lower productivity compared to other countries: 1) Rape/Mustard seed being a self‐fertilising crop does not allow for developing newer and better hybrids. In India research on this matter is still in the infant stage while in other mustard growing regions there has been a great deal of research on newer non self‐fertilising varieties. 2) Inferior crop cultivation and harvesting methods. 3) Lack of quality seeding material or use of moisture‐laden or pest ridden seed. 4) Reduced soil fertility because of repeated crop sowing by the farmers of the same commodity. 5) Un‐seasonal rains and frost at the time of harvest also reduce the crop. Rapeseed Production and Yield in India 1400 9 7 1000 6 800 5 4 600 Production (Million Tonnes) 3 400 Yield(Kg./Hectors) 1200 YIELD (Kg./Hector) 2 200 1 2006-07* 2005-06 2004-05 2003-04 2002-03 2001-02 2000-01 1999-2000 1998-99 1997-98 1996-97 1995-96 1994-95 1993-94 1992-93 0 199...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014.

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