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Unformatted text preview: orthern 4 Rapeseed states wherein it is used as a cooking medium. Traditional uses of Rape/Mustard seed, its oil and oilseed are explained as under: R ape /Mustard seed as a cooking medium (spices) Rape/Mustard oil Rape/Mustard Oilcake as animal feed to tackle improving cane as a cooking medium and sugar yield for lamp oils to improve tea plant for soap making as a high ‐ temperature an d yield tenacious high ‐ erucic acid to increase output of lubricating oils Bersem useful in plastics increase the output of leafy vegetables, papaya, manufacturing orchids and tobacco. Rapeseed Oil: Rapeseed oil is of vegetable origin and is obtained from crushed rapeseed by pressing or extraction. It is a light yellow to brownish yellow oil. Rapeseed oil is one of the most important vegetable oils. Rape oil is obtained from the seeds of several species of Brassica, and the oil from different species is not distinguished on the market, since all have similar properties. Rapeseed oil is similar to mustard seed oil. Oil is extracted by rolling the seed to fracture the seed coat and rupture the oil cells. For centuries, humans and animals could not consume rapeseed oil, as it had high erucic acid content. However, rapeseed varieties are now available for cultivation which has lower erucic acid content. Rapeseed Oil Cake : The press cakes are used as cattle feed, but since many of the types of seed contain essential oils which can be harmful to the cattle. The oil is usually removed by steam distillation of the press cake. 5 Rapeseed The Rapeseed oil or the de‐oiled cake did not command a premium price in the international market because of the fact that Indian brassica cultivars do not meet global standards. The problem is primarily due to two elements – erucic acid in the oil and glucosinolates in the de‐oiled cake. Types of Rapeseed/Mustard Under the name rapeseed and mustard, seven important annual oilseeds belonging to the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) are grown in India. They are Indian mustard (Brassica juncea [L.] Czern. & Coss.), commonly called rai (raya or laha), the thr...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014.
- Spring '14