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Unformatted text preview: produced in the country. When compared to other edible oils, the rapeseed/ mustard oil has the lowest amount of harmful saturated fatty acids. It also contains adequate amounts of the two essential fatty acids, linoleic and linolenic, which are not present in many of the other edible oils. Major Producing Area Indian mustard (B. juncea) is cultivated in the states of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal as a Rabi crop. State District Rajasthan Alwar, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Jhalwar, Barmer, Bundi, Chittorgarh Bihar Gumla, Singhbhum west, Madhubani, Begusarai, Sitamrhi Haryana Faridabad, Bhiwani, Hissar, Mahendragarh Punjab Ludhiana, Bhatinda, Faridkot, Fathepur Sahib Orissa Sundergarn, Cuttack, Barughar, Dhenkanal 3 Rapeseed Season The sowing of the seeds is done after the harvest of the Kharif crop in the month of November and is mainly cultivated on irrigated land. Rape/Mustard seed is usually a rabi crop i.e. the plantation of the Rape/Mustard seed is done in the winter (October, November and December) and that is why it is preceded by light and showers. These showers come at the onset of the sowing season. The light showers allow right quantity of moisture to be left in the soil, thereby enabling flowering of the crop. The flowering of the crop takes place in the months of November, December, January and February and the harvest season is in the months of March, April and May. Rapeseed Sowing ‐ Harvesting season in mo st of India PLANT
-ER FLOWHARVEST JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Usage of Rape/Mustard seed Rape/Mustard seed was primarily used for human consumption because of low erucic acid and thus, becoming desirable edible oil. With the invention of steam power, it was found that the oil could be used as a lubricant that would cling water and steam – washed metal surfaces better than any other lubricant. The consumption of Rapeseed increased since World War II in western countries. India and China are the two major consumers of Rape/Mustard seed. In India, consumption of Rapeseed/Mustard seed and its oil is generally high in n...
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- Spring '14