Study Guide – Revolutionary War – October 23: Historiography Revolutionary War – Early 20th Century – 1. The Struggle for American independence – (1908) Sydney Fisher covered events Revolution; military strategies & battles Yorktown & Lexington. 2. The Provincial Committees of Safety of the American Revolution (1904) - Agnes Hunt indicated committees fought poverty, safety, & spread information – voices middling & elite not ordinary. 3. The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution, 1763-1776 (1918) - Arthur M Schlesinger –merchant protest & views war; not mention ordinary people. Historiography American Revolution 1950’s – 1. The Diplomacy of the American Revolution – (1957) - Samuel Bemis- political history diplomatic ties France, Spain, & America; less social/cultural history. 2. The American Revolution in Georgia, 1763-1789 – (1958) Kenneth Coleman local rather broad study revolutionary era but excluded voices slaves, women, & Indians. 3. Some studies started explore voices ordinary Americans - The Embattled Farmers, Massachusetts Countryside in the American Revolution – (1953) - Lee Newcomer farmers & emphasized too many studies merchants, leaders Sons of Liberty, & sailors. Historiography of Revolutionary War – Revisionist Studies 1960’s - • More studies social history rather than military strategies or battles; more voices women, African Americans, & laborers. • The Negro in the American Revolution ( 1961) – Benjamin Quarles – most comprehensive history African Americans Revolution; motivated not loyalty but freedom running British lines. • More studies loyalists not just Patriots - The king's friends, the composition and motives of the American loyalist claimants – (1965) Wallace Brown – examined Loyalists 13 colonies – comparative history. 1993 Study on the American Revolution - 1
1. The American Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities (1993) – Colin Calloway - Indians war; diversity tribes & responses war. 2. Economic trade & technology, political international relations, & cultural factors religion & social changes influenced Indian decisions loyalty Americans or British. 3. Most Natives sided British or neutral since viewed settlers main threats land. Historiography Revolution – Role African Americans War – • African Americans in the Revolutionary War - (2005) Michael Lanning - blacks in war & sometimes served integrated units which not occur again Korean War. • Black sailors fought every battle naval & land – Paul Jones crew ship; increased independence & rights war but discrimination. • Epic Journeys of Freedom: Runaway Slaves of the American Revolution and Their Global Quest for Liberty - (2007) Cassandra Pybus thousands slaves refuge British & freedom more important than Patriot cause; global connections - black settlement experiments England, Botany Bay Australia, & Sierra Leone Recent Studies on Women in the American Revolution – 1. Masquerade: The Life and Times of Deborah Sampson, Continental Soldier (2005) – Alfred Young wrote biography woman war in disguise man MA regiment & participated combat before thrown out military.
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- Fall '08
- Revolutionary War, American Revolution, Continental Army, Patriots