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Ons diploid haploid phases can be persistent or

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Unformatted text preview: ro.sts: usually single-celled Mul.cellular: cells s.ck together aXer cell division Early split?: lineages with, without chloroplasts Opisthokonts (animals, fungi, etc.: most diverse) Amoebozoans Archaeplas.ds (includes land plants) Stramenopiles (diatoms, algae), Alveolates (dinoflagellates) Superkingdoms Plants Animals and Fungi Pro.sts Usually single-celled Diverse, polyphyle.c Many niches Flagella, cilia, or pseudopods Single cells can be complex! Opisthokonts Flagellum is posterior, single - Animals (mul.cellular) - Fungi (uni- or mul.cellular) - choanoflagellates Choanoflagellates can be colonial- a first step toward mul.cellularity Fungi Cell wall of chi.n Muul.cellular or unicellular (e.g. yeast) Absorp.ve heterotrophy Enzymes are secreted, break down food, absorbed Fungi can feed on living, dead organisms Fungal infec.ons in animals difficult to treat as many fungicides are also toxic to animal cells 3 1/27/14 Fungi Single-celled: "yeasts" Mul.cellular: strands or hyphae Mushrooms Underground mycelium Aboveground frui...
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