Lecture15_Ch14_PsychDisorders_x3

Anxiety disorders specic phobias social anxiety

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Unformatted text preview: er; Generalized anxiety disorder; Panic disorder 2. Obsessive- compulsive & related disorders ✦ Obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD); Excoria;on (skin- picking) disorder; Hoarding disorder 3. Trauma- & stress- related disorders ✦ PosMrauma7c stress disorder (PTSD); Reac;ve apachment disorder; Disinhibited social engagement disorder Anxiety Disorders – Specific Phobias ✦ Phobia – fear of a specific object or situa;on that is greatly out of propor;on w/ the actual threat posed ✦ Key components: ✦ Exposure results in anxiety response or panic apack ✦ Recogni;on that the fear is excessive or unreasonable ✦ Avoidance of phobic situa;on/object ✦ Interference w/ func;oning or distress about having phobia ✦ Affects 1 in 8 people Anxiety Disorders – Specific Phobias Anxiety Disorders – Panic Disorder ✦ Panic disorder – characterized by sudden, overwhelming feels of terror, as well as constant worry that one will have another panic apack ✦ Oben comorbid w/ other anxiety disorders ✦ Twice as likely in women compared to men Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder ✦ Obsessive- compulsive disorder – characterized by frequent intrusive, obsessive thoughts & compulsive ac;ons ✦ Obsessions are recurrent, unwanted thoughts or mental images that produce high levels of anxiety ✦ Compulsions are ac;ons performed repeatedly in an apempt to reduce anxiety from the obsessions Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder ✦ Commonly relates to fear of contamina;on, accidents, or uncontrolled aggression. ✦ Recogni;on that they are excessive or unreasonable ✦ Cause distress or are ;me consuming Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ✦ PTSD – disorder characterized by frequent nightmares, intrusive, persistent & unwanted thoughts, & flashbacks related to an earlier trauma ✦ Avoidance of situa;ons that are reminders ✦ Shows apen;onal bias – more aware or & reac;ve to s;muli related to the original trauma Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ✦ What is classified as a trauma;c event? ✦ Threatened death, serious injury or sexual viola;on ✦ Experienced ✦ Witnessed ✦ Event occurred to a loved one ✦ Repeated/extreme exposure to aversive details of trauma;c event Mood Disorders ✦ Characterized by disturbances in posi;ve and/or nega;ve mood ✦ Affec;ve disorders ✦ 2 categories: ✦ Depressive disorders – pervasive & long- las;ng feelings of sadness ✦ Major depressive disorder; Persistent depressive disorder ✦ Bipolar disorders – radical fluctua;ons between posi;ve & nega;ve mood states ✦ Bipolar I disorder; Bipolar II disorder Mood Disorders – Depressive Disorders ✦ Major depressive disorder – includes severe nega;ve moods of a lack of interest in previously enjoyed ac;vi;es ✦ Must be a sustained mood depression for at least 2 weeks & must be experiencing other symptoms such as: ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ Weight gain or loss Appe;te increase or decrease Insomnia or hypersomnia Psychomotor agita;on or retarda;on Fa;gue Feeling of worthlessness or excessive guilt Diminished ability to think, concentrate, make decisions Recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal thoughts Mood Disorders – Depressive Disorders ✦ Affects about 16% of Americans at some point in their life ✦ Tends to be very long- las;ng, oben for years ✦ Women are almost 2x as likely t...
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2014 for the course PSC 001 taught by Professor P during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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