Lecture15_Ch14_PsychDisorders_x3

Encompasses most types of psychological interviews

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Unformatted text preview: l interviews Assessment ✦ Observa7on of client’s behavior ✦ Self Report ✦ Ques;onnaires ✦ Minnesota Mul;phasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) ✦ Tes7ng ✦ Neuropsychological ✦ Wechsler Scales of Intelligence ✦ Projec;ve Tests ✦ Rorschach Inkblot Test, TAT Assessment ✦ Evidence- based assessment – empirical research guides the assessment of psychopathology, selec;on of appropriate tes;ng & methods, & choice of diagnosis ✦ Ex: Research shows that comorbidity rates are high; depression & substance abuse are very oben comorbid ✦ Evidence- based assessment says that clients diagnosed w/ depression should be screened for substance abuse Causes ✦ E7ology – the origin or cause of a disorder ✦ Factors can be: ✦ Biological ✦ Psychological ✦ Cogni;ve- Behavioral ✦ Sex- dependent ✦ Cultural Causes – Psychological Factors ✦ Diathesis- stress model – a disorder develops when an underlying vulnerability (diathesis) is exposed via psychological stressors ✦ diathesis can be environmental (childhood trauma) or biological (gene;c component) Causes – Psychological Factors ✦ Shib away from Freudian thoughts & they psychoanaly;c theory ✦ Family systems model – it is important to consider the behavior in the context of the family sekng ✦ Will offer clues to what is contribu;ng to the disorder ✦ Sociocultural model – psychological disorders are a result of interac;ons between a person & their culture ✦ Difference in occurrence rates are due to differences in lifestyle, expecta;ons, & opportuni;es between social classes ✦ Unclear which direc;on this rela;onship goes Causes – Sex Differences ✦ There are sex biases in the diagnos;c rate for some disorders ✦ 2 possible groups: ✦ Internalizing disorders – characterized by nega;ve emo;ons ✦ Ex: depression, ea;ng disorders, anxiety disorders ✦ More prevalent in females ✦ Externalizing disorders – characterized by disinhibi;on ✦ Ex: conduct disorder, substance abuse, an;social personality disorder ✦ More prevalent in males Causes – Cultural Factors ✦ Cultural influence can dictate the display of disorders ✦ Most likely when the disorder is related to learning and/or context ✦ Less likely when the disorder is related to biology Outline ✦ What is a psychopathology? ✦ Classifica;on Assessment ✦ Poten;al Causes ✦ ✦Categories of Disorders ✦Anxiety Disorders ✦Mood Disorders ✦Dissocia7ve Disorders ✦Schizophrenia ✦Personality Disorders ✦Ea7ng Disorders ✦Neurodevelopmental Disorders Anxiety Disorders ✦ Characterized by excessive fear & anxiety without the threat of real danger ✦ Physical symptoms: palpita;ons, swea;ng, trembling/shaking, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, dizziness ✦ Cogni;ve symptoms: sense of imminent danger, derealiza;on, depersonaliza;on, fear of dying, fear of losing control or going crazy ✦ Panic aMack – 4+ of these symptoms develop together quickly, peak within 10 minutes Anxiety Disorders ✦ DSM- 5 now classifies 3 dis;nct types of anxiety disorders 1. Anxiety disorders ✦ Specific phobias; Social anxiety disord...
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