Lecture14_Ch13_Personality_x3

Rational thought problem solving superego the moral

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: gages in rational thought & problem solving ✤ Superego ✤ the moral part of the mind Psychodynamic Approach ✤ Conflicts b/n the id & the superego lead to anxiety ✤ The ego copes with this anxiety through the use of defense mechanisms ✤ Defense mechanisms – Unconscious mental strategies the ego uses to protect the self from anxiety Psychodynamic Approach ✤ Human development occurs in a series of 5 distinct psychosexual stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) ✤ Each stage is characterized by a source of gratification (i.e., erogenous zones) ✤ Progression through these stages have a major impact on adult personality ✤ if a stage is not successfully resolved, psychic energy is left in that stage, & an individual becomes fixated (e.g., orally fixated) ✤ Psychologists have abandoned psychodynamic theories Psychodynamic Approach ✤ Strengths: ✤ Identified phenomena of incredible importance ✤ unconscious motivational & emotional processes ✤ defensive strategies for coping with threat ✤ Comprehensive theory of human development & personality ✤ Weaknesses: ✤ Many aspects of psychodynamic theory are not falsifiable & are generally misogynistic Humanistic Approach ✤ Humanistic approach – emphasizes a person’s experiences, belief systems, & unique traits in the development of their personality ✤ We seek to fulfill our full potential through self- actualization ✤ Carl Rogers advocated a person- centered approach ✤ emphasis of a person’s own understanding of their life Carl Rogers (1902 – 1987) Humanistic Approach ✤ Parental love & support is conditional on the good behavior & obedience of the child ✤ Children will alter their desires to match those of their parents ✤ Children should be raised with love & support regardless of their behavior ✤ Unconditional Positive Regard – would then lead to sense of self- esteem Trait Approaches ✤ Personality type – distinct categories of people based on some characteristic of their personality ✤ Allport & Odbert’s (1936) psycho- lexical study ✤ Cattell’s (1965) 16 basic dimensions of personality ✤ Eysenck’s hierarchical model of personality ✤ The Five Factor Theory (“the Big Five”) (McCrae & Costa, 1990) Traits Approaches ✤ Multi- trait Theory – establishes a taxonomy in order to understand how individuals differ in personality traits ✤ Implicit personality theories ✤ we...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/13/2014 for the course PSC 001 taught by Professor P during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online