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Unformatted text preview: including absorption and transpiration 3. Phloem transport and storage 4. Mineral nutrition 5. Plant energetics (e.g., respiration and photosynthesis) D. Plant Reproduction, Growth, and Development, with Emphasis on Flowering Plants 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The structure, physiology, behavior, and development of plants and animals are addressed. Topics covered include nutrient procurement and processing, gas exchange, internal transport, regulation of fluids, control mechanisms and effectors, and reproduction in autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms. Examples of developmental phenomena range from fertilization through differentiation and morphogenesis. Perceptions and responses to environmental stimuli are examined as they pertain to both plants and animals. Major distinguishing characteristics and phylogenetic relationships of selected groups from the various kingdoms are also covered. A. Animal Structure, Function, and Organization 1. Exchange with environment Nutrient, salt, and water exchange Gas exchange Energy 2. Internal transport and exchange (circulatory, gastrovascular, and digestive systems) (10%) (5%) Reproductive structures Meiosis and sporogenesis Gametogenesis and fertilization Embryogeny and seed development Meristems, growth, morphogenesis, and differentiation 6. Control mechanisms (e.g., hormones, photoperiod, and tropisms) 6 BIOLOGY TEST PRACTICE BOOK E. Diversity of Life (6%) 1. Archaea Morphology, physiology, and identification 2. Bacteria (including cyanobacteria) Morphology, physiology, pathology, and identification 3. Protista Protozoa, other heterotrophic Protista (slime molds and Oomycota), and Autotrophic Protista Major distinguishing characteristics Phylogenetic relationships Importance (e.g. eutrophication, disease) 4. Fungi Distinctive features of major phyla (vegetative, asexual and sexual reproduction) Generalized life cycles Importance (e.g., decomposition, biodegradation, antibiotics, and pathogenicity) Lichens 5. Animalia with emphasis on major phyla Major distinguishing characteristics Phylogenetic relationships 6. Plantae with emphasis on major phyla Alternation of generations Major distinguishing characteristics Phylogenetic relationships III. Ecology and Evolution (33-34%) the molecular, individual, population, and higher levels. Principles of ecology, genetics, and evolution are interrelated in many questions. Some questions may require quantitative skills, including the interpretation of simple mathematical models. A. Ecology (16-17%) 1. Environment/organism interaction Biogeographic patterns Physiological ecology Temporal patterns (e.g., seasonal fluctuations) 2. Behavioral ecology Habitat selection Mating systems Social systems Resource acquisition 3. Population Structure and Function Population dynamics/regulation Demography and life history strategies 4. Communities Direct and indirect interspecific interactions Community structure and diversity Change and succession 5. Ecosystems Productivity and energy flow Chemical cycling B. Evolution (16-17%) This se...
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This document was uploaded on 03/16/2014 for the course BIO 1434 at UT Arlington.
- Spring '14